The Indian Media and Entertainment (M&E) sector is expected to cross Rs 2 trillion (US$31 billion) by 2020 at a CAGR of 11.6%, according tothe FICCI-EY report,âRe-imagining India's M&E sectorâ.
The report suggested that the industry has reached almost Rs 1.5 trillion (US$22.7 billion) in 2017, a growth of around 13% over 2016. The digital segment-led growth demonstrated that advertising budgets are in line with the changing content consumption patterns.
The M&E sector continues to grow at a rate faster than the GDP growth rate, reflecting the growing disposable income led by stable economic growth and changing demographics. The report states that subscription growth outpaced advertising growth in 2017 but advertising will continue to grow till 2020, led by digital advertising. The report estimates that approximately 1.5 million consumers in India today are digital-only and would not normally use traditional media. It is expected that this customer base will grow to approximately four million by 2020, generating significant digital subscription revenues of approximately Rs 20 billion. Going forward, micropayments, enabled through the Unified Payment Interface (UPI) and Bharat Interface for Money (BHIM) platforms developed by the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) will further accelerate subscription revenues for entertainment content.
FarokhBalsara, Partner and M&E Leader, EY India, stated, âIndian M&E sector reached Rs 1.5 trillion in 2017 led by digital. With digital subscribers expected to reach 20 million by 2020, has Indian M&E reached its digital tipping point? We now need to re-imagine the future ofthe Indian M&E sector.â
AshishPherwani, Partner and M&E Advisor Leader, EY India, said, âGrowth in 2017 was led by the digital, film and animation and VFX segments. We expect sectors like digital and gaming to grow between twoand three times by 2020.â
The TV industry grew from Rs 594 billion to Rs 660 billion in 2017, a growth of 11.2% (9.8% net of taxes). Advertising grew to Rs 267 billion while distribution grew to Rs 393 billion. Advertising comprised 40% of revenues, while distribution was 60% of total revenue. At a broadcaster level, however, subscription (including international subscription) made up approximately 28% of the revenue.
Key insights: While advertising is 41% of the total revenues today, the report expects it to grow to 43% by 2020. There are over 30% households in India that are yet to get television screens, but being at the bottom of the pyramid, these households will tend to move towards first towards free and sachet products.
Print accounted for the second largest share of the Indian M&E sector, growing at 3% to reach Rs 303 billion in 2017. Print media is estimated to grow at an overall CAGR of approximately 7% till 2020 with vernacular at 8-9% and English slightly slower. This growth is expected despite the FDI limit remaining unchanged at 26% and, therefore, restricting access to foreign print players and the imposition of GST at 5% on the advertising revenues of the print industry for the first time in history. While magazines contributed 4.3% to the total print segment, thissection was at largely status quo with not many significant new launches in 2017.
Key insights:Today, 98% of readers read dailies and 20% read magazines. Reader base is 395 million or 38% of the population. Readership has grown by 110 million over the last three years. Rural (52%) reader base is larger than urban (48%). 44% of children (aged 12 to 17 years) read a newspaper or magazine. Magazines have a higher readership in urban areas (57%) as compared to rural areas (43%).
The Indian film segment grew 27% in 2017 on the back of box office growth â both domestic and international â coupled with increased revenues from sale of satellite and digital rights. All sub-segments, with the exception of home video, grew and the film segment reached Rs 156 billion in 2017. The Hindi films comprise the majority component of the film segment. They contribute almost 40% of the net domestic box office collections annually, despite comprising only 17% of the films made. Films in 29 other Indian languages account for approximately 75% of the films released but they contribute approximately 50% to the annual domestic box office collections. Hollywood and international films comprise the balance. The top 50 films contributed approximately 97.75% of the total net box office collection. Box office collections of the top 50 films grew by 11.60% in 2017.
Key Insights:Regional movies drove the growth in number of releases in 2017. Screen count increased from 9,481 in 2016 to 9,530 in 2017. The number of Hindi movies crossing the Rs1 billion-mark was highest in 2017 in the past five years. From 31 movies in 2016, Hindi-dubbed movies increased more than three times to 96 in 2017.
Digital media has grown significantly over the past few years, and continues to lead the growth charts on advertising. Subscription revenues are emerging and are expected to make their presence felt by 2020. In 2017, digital media grew 29.4% (27.8% net of the impact of GST) on the back of a 28.8% growth in advertising and a 50% growth in subscription.
Subscription, which was just 3.3% of total digital revenues in 2016, is expected to grow to 9% by 2020.
Key insights: 250 million people viewed videos online in 2017 and expected to double to 500 million by 2020. Around 40% of total mobile traffic came from the consumption of video services in 2015. This figure is expected to touch 72% by 2020. 93% of time spent on digital videos is in Hindi and other regional languages. OTT subscription in India is expected to touch Rs 20 billion by 2020.
Mergers and acquisition in M&E
The Indian M&E sector witnessed a relatively new trend in deal activity with emerging segments such as gaming and digital gaining momentum, while the deal activity in the traditional media segments was slower. The slowdown can be partially attributed to challenges faced by the advertising segments of the industry due to demonetisation and GST. Overall, the number of transactions in the M&E sector decreased from 56 deals in 2016 to 40 deals in 2017. The total deal value was also lower at US$1,261 million in 2017 compared to US$2,863 million in 2016.